Climate of India
The principal area of the area of India ( *Click here) is within the sub equatorial zone. The main feature of this place is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon coming from the Indian Ocean brings down pours to India. They intensify in early June on the western coastline and in mid-June on the east coast. If passing over the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move in a northwest way.
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Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a speed of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder or wind storms fall on the hills of the mountains in June. However later they calm down, and through the time from late September to mid-October rain falls generally, end. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the weather cold and sun-drenched.
Based upon data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and winds, we can divide the calendar year in to 3 main climatic seasons.
In November – February, once the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature slowly rises.The dry period can last from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity increases. And the weather of Indian plains becomes rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon period. This is a period of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds blend with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.
There are actually differences in temperature and weather in various parts of India. The nation covers a large region, and every area has another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall per year. It is among the wettest places on Earth.
The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is less rain. The hottest time is from May to June. However even high temperatures are tolerated quite easily since the air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not go over 60%. Winds raise clouds of dust and also turn the horizon a dirty yellow.
The start the monsoon in June starts off with the increased wind and cloud cover. The time lasts until September. During most times of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather minimizes the temperature by 3-5 degrees.
In the mountains of the Himalayas, the climate depends upon the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), as well as the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest period of the year continues from June to August: the standard minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the weather of India differs a lot depending on the region, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan weather to other areas of India. These mountains are incredibly high and also have a unique weather.
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